Friday, July 10, 2020

Adversity Essay Samples

Adversity Essay SamplesAdversity essays are very important. These are filled with depth of information and questions. You need to prepare yourself for the exam so that you can present yourself well.One of the best resources for obtaining these essays samples is from a tutoring service. There are free samples available on the internet and this can be used by you. There are also sample essays that you can obtain from tutors. They will teach you how to write a well thought out essay.These are usually given to students who pass the admissions test and will help you prepare for your future in a medical school. There are many samples that are free on the internet. There are medical schools that require you to have a writing sample. In this case, it is more important that you study your essay and question on a topic that you feel confident in.When the tests start coming around, you will be asked for a large amount of information. There are some that may be difficult but for those that you f eel comfortable with, it's time to put that information to paper. As you go through the passage of the test, you will need to write as many paragraphs as you need to so that you have plenty of ideas. It's easy to get bogged down with the information.During high school, there is no doubt that you had to write papers and this is something that you will need to do again when you enter college. College is an opportunity to get a better education and a better job. So, the pressure is on to make sure that you do well in college.You will find many people in your class that know a lot about medical fields and they will be willing to help you with your research and may have submitted their student's file. This will help you determine how well you did in your senior year and can help you during your admission. All these factors are determined by your written work.If you have ever studied for an entrance exam, you will find that you need to write a few essays that can be used to help you later on in medical school. The amount of time you spend preparing will depend on the size of the exam. Some schools have an entrance exam and many others do not.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Notes On The Precious Jones - 1491 Words

Overview Clariecce Precious Jones, who simply goes by as Precious, is from Harlem, New York. She is the only child of Mary Johnson and Carl Jones. Precious lives in poverty, and suffers from physical, emotional, and sexual abuse from her parents. She also has two children by her father, and contacted HIV. Her first child has Down syndrome and lives with her grandmother, and her second child lives with her. Recently, Precious left her mother’s house, and is currently staying in a halfway until she is able to find permanent housing. Precious is 16-year old, but she is in middle school. Since Precious is too old to be in middle school, she was recommended to attend an alternative school. At the alternative school, Precious takes pre-GED classes, and then will take GED classes to earn her high school diploma. In Pre-GED classes she is learning to read and write. Precious enjoys writing, and in particular she likes poetry. Precious is very optimistic about her future, and wants to live a better life. Obstacles/Challenges Precious is faced with individual and institutional obstacles/challenges. Unfortunately, Precious deals with the ramifications of sexual, physical and emotional abuse. The abused she faced as a child led to illiteracy, H.I.V and low self-confidence. Eventually, Precious becomes homeless because she could no longer stand her hostile environment, and needed to get away from her mother. She now lives in a halfway house. Institutional challenges Precious facesShow MoreRelatedThe Counsel Of Heaven On Earth Essay1596 Words   |  7 Pages倀倀ODUCTION The Counsel of Heaven on Earth is a book written by Ian F. Jones on the topic of Christian counseling. Jones makes sure to let his readers know that this book is not meant to be a guide for Christian counseling; he in no way means to advocate a particular methodology, system, or school of thought. Instead, Jones is â€Å"[trying] to identify and explain the essential features of Biblical Christian counseling. No attempt has been made to engage in formal theory building or to develop systematicallyRead MorePrecious1153 Words   |  5 PagesPrecious: A Case Study Use sociological concepts to make sense out of the life of 16 year old Clareece Precious Jones (an overweight, illiterate African-American teen in Harlem), as depicted in the 2009 film Precious. It’s based on the novel Push by Sapphire. Note: Precious (part 1) and Precious (part 2) are two separate assignments with different dues dates, even though both sections are presented in this single document. Please check the Course Calendar for the different due dates. PreciousRead MoreWhodunit: A Forensic Investigation1620 Words   |  7 Pages DISPOSITION CODES: 1 – Placed into Evidence 2 – Destroyed 3 – AFIS Search Box 4 – Other | | | Exhibit or Item #’s | Item Description | Method of Processing | PrintsDevelopedY / N | AFIS QualityY / N | Disposition | 1 | Paper Note w/ Threat in Black Ink | H | N | N | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Remarks:Read MoreEssay about Harry Potter and the Holy Grail1122 Words   |  5 Pagesnamed Ginerva. Certainly not least of all, a major ordeal in the lives of both Harry and King Arthur was the quest for a mystical cup-- The Holy Grail for Arthur, and the Triwizard Cup for Harry. The Holy Grail, according to legend and â€Å"Indiana Jones,† is the cup that Jesus and his disciples drank from during the last supper. Later writings also tell that the cup was used to catch Jesuss blood while he was being crucified. While sometimes depicted as a rather fancy, jeweled chalice, it is muchRead MorePrecious2771 Words   |  12 PagesThe movies starts off with a picture of a red scarf hanging off a street lamp and then flying through the air. Harlem, 1987. Clarice Precious Jones (Gabourey Sildibe) is in a math class, daydreaming. She is wearing a red scarf. Much of the film is in first-person narration. She narrates, My name is Clarice Precious Jones. I want to be on the cover of a magazine. I wish I had a light-skinned boyfriend with good hair. But first I want to be in one of those BET videos, and we see a fantasy sequenceRead MoreThe Superior Humans1115 Words   |  4 Pagesunderestimate anyone’s powers. Anyone in this whole city, anyone in this whole world, could be a superior human in their natural form. They are dangerous and I cannot live with the guilt anymore. Goodbye world. As I, Professor Hyndman’s assistant (John Jones) was walking in, that Monday morning everything felt normal; the corpses in the back room, the smell of bleach, all the scientific equipment, just another day working for a mad scientist. I walked over to the operating table where we were going toRead MoreAmerican History And The American Civil War1610 Words   |  7 Pagessmallest denominations in use were the dime and quarter; the new five cent nickel was neglected due to its lack of silver content. Because of this, correct change for a quarter could not be made. A story often told by Nevada Senator John Percival Jones and other advocates to drum up support for the new denomination, if a person purchased something for ten cents and paid with a quarter, they would get a dime back, thereby losing five cents in the process. The twenty-cent piece was conceived in partRead MoreThe Doomed Denomination : American History1622 Words   |  7 Pagessmallest denominations in use were th e dime and quarter; the new five cent nickel was neglected due to its lack of silver content. Because of this, correct change for a quarter could not be made. A story often told by Nevada Senator John Percival Jones and other advocates to drum up support for the new denomination, if a person purchased something for ten cents and paid with a quarter, they would get a dime back, thereby losing five cents in the process. The twenty cent piece was conceived in partRead MoreDevelopmental Assessment of Childhood1767 Words   |  8 PagesDevelopmental Assessment of Childhood: PRECIOUS The film Precious is an emotional movie that deals with the unfortunate realities of everyday life for some individuals. The film that stares Gabourey Sidibe who plays the main character Clarice â€Å"Precious† Jones is based out of Harlem in the year of 1987. Precious is a sixteen year-old obese and uneducated teenager whom has had to grow up in a severely dysfunctional family environment. Her mother verbally and physically abuses her, oftenRead More The Fall of the Roman Empire Due to Army, Citizens, Barbarianism1587 Words   |  7 Pageswar against the Germans led to terrible financial burdens on the Empire. â€Å"To obtain funds for the military, emperors confiscated goods, exacted forced labor, and debased the coinage by minting more currency without an increase in the supply of precious metal.†(5) Through this the citizens withdrew their loyalty to Rome which deeply affected the middle class. In the Piganiol essay, Piganiol clearly emphasis the fact that the â€Å"Roman state went bankrupt in the third century because it was incapable

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Your Blues Aint Like Mine Essay - 1450 Words

In Bebe Moore Campbell’s, You’re Blues Ain’t Like Mine, I was able to view the novel from the three main sociological perspectives: the structural-functionalist approach, the social-conflict approach, and the symbolic-interaction approach. From the structural-functionalist point of view, I analyzed the Honorable Men of Hopewell as the power elite. I viewed Mamie Cox’s understanding of social class from the social-conflict perspective, and Doreen and Lily Cox differences were easily seen through the symbolic-interaction approach. By examining the characters and situations from these three important perspectives, I was able to have a better understanding of the novel and the life of the people in which the novel was based. First, the†¦show more content†¦They manipulated relief benefits so that poor whites were often denied payments and pushed out of the county so that they could keep in blacks who would work for starvation rates; they manipulat ed higher property taxes for blacks and lower taxes for themselves which resulted in the black community virtually paying for the entire school system; the decision to not sell life insurance to blacks was made by these men; and finally they held in their hands the decision of what was to be done to the men responsible for Armstrong Todd’s death (Campbell: 109). It is evident that the men belonging to the legacy of the Honorable Men of Hopewell were undoubtedly the most powerful body of all decisions made making them the power elite. Secondly, the character of Mamie Cox portrays a woman who had a clear understanding of the social class and segregation, in the south, under the Jim Crow laws. Using the social-conflict approach, a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change, I analyzed Mamie’s response to the changes she experienced throughout the novel (Macionis: 12). In Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine , I clearly noticed how the segregation laws were instilled in her since birth and how she was effected when those laws began to crumble. The term DeJure is a Latin word meaning segregation by law. For those living in the south, such as Mamie Cox, this meant separate bathrooms, water fountains, and schools.

A New Business for the Entrepreneur

Question: Create a Proposal for an Innovation with a Business Start-Up Plan. Answer: Introduction Food cuisine industry is flourishing in the global market. The food is not confined to home now. The interest of the people to taste the food of different countries and different culture has been increased. Thus the global presence of the food industry has been realised. The restaurant business has become the prestigious business now. The assignment proposes to open an Indo-Chinese restaurant in Jalan Sayur in Kuala Lumpur of Malaysia. This will focus on the young people those who prefer fast food and the Chinese food. The Industry and the Company and its products or services The proposal has been made for opening an Indo-Chinese restaurant in Jalan Sayur in Kuala Lumpur of Malaysia. The business plan is in the food industry and the restaurant will focus on the young customers who are fond of the Chinese and Indian food. The restaurant will be located in the prime location as the place is very crowded and large number of visitors comes to this place for officials and business purposes (Bapuji Beamish, 2008). The restaurant will be opened in a building taken on lease for 10 years in the beginning. The company will make a plan for the investment (Bjork, et al., 2013). The first year of the restaurant will expect 10% profits and then it will expect to rise later in the subsequent years. Market research and analysis There has beencrazefor food all over the world. People expect food of different taste with a different flavour. The customers are interested in eating the food which is different in taste. The new Indo-Chinese restaurant expects the young customers to step in the restaurant and taste the fast food. The different Chinese food and Indian traditional food will help the customers to get delicious food. The restaurant will be located in a prime location of the city. It will be established in Jalan Sayur, Kuala Lumpur. The place is located in the prime location and the customers will visit the restaurant easily. The restaurant will be well connected with different modes of transport (Cooper Vlaskovits, 2010). The restaurant will have different competitors who have been established in the food business in the city. Pudus Wai Sek Kai and Jalan Sayur Food Street will the competitors of the new restaurant Jalan Sayur Food will be the competitor of the restaurant as it also provides Chinese food. The demand for the Chinese food is high in the city. Thus for the local people and for the visitors, the restaurant will play an important role in providing the best food at an affordable price. The restaurant will expect a 10% profit in the first year of its operation (Pike Page, 2014) The Economics of the Business The business plan for the startup does not expect to receive revenue in the very beginning. The business plan will focus on getting less revenue instead of proposing for immediate success (Crawford Benedetto, 2011). The business plan during the period of making a plan for the change of its products will anticipate less revenue. The plan will present the account of the innovation plan. It will take the consideration of the customers as the customers are focused to be changed as per the need of the startup. The startup will target for the low revenue as it will have accountability (Gray, et al., 2011). The restaurant has made a plan to spend a huge amount of money for the start up. The plan estimates to spend $ 800.000 on the different heads. The area of the expenditures will be on food, decoration and the services. There will be a genuine expenditure as the business is a start-up. The owner of the restaurant will expect a margin profit of 10%. The expectation of the owner is to get a return from the expenditures made primarily. This will help the owner not to face any difficulty in meeting the operating expenses at least for one year. The proposed restaurant will take a building for 10 years on the lease basis. The expenditure on lease, dcor and other equipment like equipment for cooking, refrigerator, storage etc come under fixed assets. The food material cost will be there (Tan, 2015). The company will also spend on promotion of the business, printing materials, laundry and for the disposal of the damage. The owner will also spend for the fee for credit card transaction. Staff salary will also be another expenditure of the company. The owner will also make expenditure on the supply of the food. The owner will spend 20% of the revenue on the staff salary. Marketing Plan The business plan will have an approach that is called approach of the development of the customers. This business plan will help the startup. The entrepreneur prepares the hypothesis and the startup follows it (Khan, et al., 2011). This is an innovative approach as it brings a direct link with the product users, the consumers, and the stakeholders those who take part to offer their rich feedback (Gelec Wagner, 2014). This is very crucial as it talks about the features of the products, pricing of it and the distribution channel. The innovative plan focuses on the strategies that are affordable for the customers. The purpose of this principle is to get immediate feedback regarding the product from the consumers.The rich information received by the entrepreneur of the business helps the entrepreneur to make amendment in his assumptions. This is the best way for the entrepreneur to make a test of the design and to make an amendment of the design as per the expectations of the customers . This is the right way to give good inputs and make an adjustment (Mintzberg, 2008). Design and Development Plan The place has been famous for food. There are different competitors those who offer the best food to the customers (Dixit Aggrwal, 2015). The restaurant will offer food to the residents of the locality. Visitors prefer to come to this place as it is well connected to transport. The environment of the place is healthy. The lovers of the food will get attracted to this place. The Chinese fast food, seafood will invite more customers. The cost of the meal is affordable. The average cost of two meals will be between $ 40-50. As the price is an affordable number of visitors will come to the restaurants (Wong Hvolby, 2007). The restaurant will follow a sales tactics and will offer reservation provision for the customers. The restaurant will also focus on home delivery policy. The food will be served to the customers as per the service standard or the country (Magloff, 2016). The restaurant will accept credit cards. There will be provision for parking of the vehicles of the customers. Manufacturing and Operation Plan The restaurant will offer high quality Indian and Chinese food to the food lovers of Kuala Lumpur. The primary concern of the restaurant will be quality food and hospitality to the visitors. The authentic Chinese Indian food will be offered. The food like kebabs, butter chicken and seafood will be offered to the customers. The visitors will find an ambience in their first visit. The location of the place will be attractive (Stevenson, et al., 2007). The visitors will be welcomed by the staff and all efforts to satisfy the customers will be made. The customers will also offer special provisions for the kids and the elders. The restaurant will remain open from 11.30 am to 11.30 pm. The restaurant will offer lunch and dinner to the visitors. The average cost of the food will be between $ 40-50. The area of the restaurant will be 3500sq feet. There will be a good parking provision for the vehicle of the visitors. The restaurant will offer facilities for 50 people to sit at a time. There will b e 20 tables. Some tables will be for two people and some tables will be for four people. There will be three cabins for the visitors to provide on demand for their privacy. There will be also a provision for banquet facilities for party functions. The restaurant will follow the rules and the regulations as per the law determined by the country for the operation of the restaurant in the cities (Hoyer, et al., 2010). Management Team Getting skilled and qualified people is a major challenge for the food industry. The restaurant will follow a very clear duty policy for the workers of the restaurants. The owner of the restaurant will offer the best salary to the employees. The owner of the restaurant will be head of the management. The owner will be assisted by the manager of Operations, manager of Kitchen and other support staff. The restaurant will have a database to maintain the track record of the workers and it will also record their performance. The owner will make provision for offering hands-on training to the workers The owner will pay $20,000 to $35,000 to the manager of the operation as salary per a year. The manager of the kitchen will be $1,000 per week. The restaurant will paygoodsalary to the chef. The service providers, suppliers, supervisors etc will be employed as the support staff and they will be paid on weekly basis (Beattie, 2012). Overall schedule The restaurant business is a lucrative business. There will be the plan of the overall functioning of the restaurants. The restaurant will open at 11.30 am and it will be over by 11.30 pm. It will offer lunch and dinner to the customers. The restaurant will offer hospitality management. The restaurant will appoint security at the entrance and the exit point of the restaurant. The restaurant staff will welcome the visitors with a smile. The restaurant staff will remain alerted to serve the food to the visitors and to take their order. The cleanliness will be the most advantage of the company. The customers service will be given top priority. There will be customers log book. The customers can write their comments and can suggest for further improvements (taurangabusiness, 2017). The suppliers will also be given preferences. The owner will make a list of the suppliers and the vendors who can offer the best quality food materials at a reasonable rate. The suppliers will be encouraged to supply the food materials and other related items as per the schedule price and schedule date. Critical risks, problems and assumptions The restaurant business is a very sensitive business in the sense that it belongs to the service sector. The entire growth of the restaurant depends on the quality food and services that it offers to the customers. The risks of the market are always there. The competitions in the market also are a risk for the restaurant. There are established competitors in the market (Kreafle, 2011). They are the main hindrance to the growth of the restaurant. The business is a start up. It is investing he amount of money. That is one of the greatest problems as return is at the risks. The profits of the company may not be the first year as it has not earned brand image in the market. Getting good employees will be a problem for the company. The Financial Plan Statement of Income (from 1st June 2017 to 31st May, 2018) Revenues received from sale $ 200.000 ( expected) Expenditure and losses $185,000 ( expected) Net Income $ 15,000( expected) Statement of the cash flow Cash Flow for the restaurant business (from 1st June 2017 to 31st May, 2018) Month June July August Sept October Nov December January Feb March April May Total Year Receipts Sales $200000 Total receipts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200000 Payments Fees for Legal Accounting Advertisement promotion fees $13000 Loan payment $14000 Wages $11000 payment on lease $2400 Freight Insurance $7000 Interest charges of bank $6000 Expenses on printing, postage, stationery packaging Rent of the premises Repairs ,maintenance cleanliness Superannuation Payments for tax Taxes $1000 Telephone electricity, gas $2500 operating costs for vehicles Salaries wages $100000 Expenses( others) Total payments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 $185000 Net cash for the period 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Opening bank balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ending cash 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 $15000 Income and Expenditure Account Income Expenditure Date Particulars Amount Date Particulars Amount Sales $200000 Legal and Accounting Fees Fees on advertisement and promotion $13000 Payment on loan $14000 Lease payment $14000 Freight $2400 Insurance Interest and bank charges $6000 Printing, postage, stationery, packaging $5000 Rent of business premises Repairs and maintenance, cleaning Superannuation Supplier payments Taxes Telephone $1100 Utilities (electricity, gas) Vehicle operating costs $2500 Wages and salaries $110000 Other Expenses Balance C/F. $20000 $185000 $185000 Balance Sheet Assets Liabilities Date Particulars Amount Date Particulars Amount June Equipment of Leasing $100000 June Capital $350000 Income on Sales $20000 Bank Loan $200000 $430000 $550000 $550000 Proposed Company Offering The restaurant is a start up. The startup costs will be on the lease, decoration, patter location. The different requirements will be covered by the owner. The funds will be from the owners and the bank loans. The Sources of Fund Types of investment Amount Contributions of Owner Capital contribution $500,000 Bank loan Loan $ 200,000 Equipment ( Leasing) Lease $100.000 Total ($800,000) Conclusion The business plan for a start up is very crucial. There are different situations in which the entrepreneur thinks differently and goes for innovating new product so that it can easily sustain in the market. The innovation depends upon the need of the market and to gain competitive advantage in the market. The entrepreneur of the startup requires to gain knowledge on the development and growth of the market. The knowledge on the market affords huge amount of knowledge to the entrepreneur to make new plan. The proper plan of the entrepreneur brings failure or success to the company. Bibliography Balcarov, P., 2011. THE COMPARISON OF NINE-FACTOR MODEL AND DIAMOND .... [Online] Available at: [Accessed 18 03 2017]. Bapuji, H. Beamish, P. W., 2008. Avoid hazardous design flaws. Harvard Business Review, 86(3), pp. 23-26. Beattie, A., 2012. 5 Biggest Challenges facing Your Small Business. [Online] Available at: Bjork, J., Ljungblad, J. Bosch, J., 2013. Laen Product Development in Early Stage Startups:Conference on Software Business. Potsdam, CEUR-WS. Blank, S., 2013. Why the Lean Start-Up Changes Everything. s.l.:s.n. Cooper, B. Vlaskovits, P., 2010. The Entrepreneur's Guide to Customer Development. s.l.:Custdev. Crawford, M. Benedetto, A. D., 2011. New products management. 10th edition ed. New Yoork: McGraw-Hill. Dixit, V. Aggrwal, Y. P., 2015. Lean and Lean Quality Tools Redifining the product Development.. International Journal of Engineering Research Technology, pp. 88-90. Gelec, E. Wagner, F., 2014. Future Trends and key challenges in R D Management, Germany: -Results of an empirical study within industrial R D in Germany. Gray, J., Roth, A. V. Leiblein, M. J., 2011. Quality risk in offshore manufacturing: evidence from the pharmaceutical industry. Journal of Operations Management, 29(7-8), pp. 737-752. Hoyer, W. D. et al., 2010. Consumer Cocreation in New Product Development. Journal of Service Reserach. Khan, M. S. et al., 2011. Towards lean product and process development. International Journal of Computer Integrated manufacturing , pp. 1105-1116. Kreafle, K. G., 2011. Lean Product Development. Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, pp. 11-13. Magloff, L., 2016. What does it Cost to Start a Restaurant?. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 24 04 2017]. Mintzberg, H., 2008. The nature of managerial work. new York: Free Press. Pike, S. Page, S., 2014. DESTINATION MARKETING ORGANIZATIONS AND DESTINATION MARKETING: A NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LITERATURE. Tourism Management, Volume 41, pp. 1-26. Stevenson, H., Roberts, M. J. Grousbeck, H. I., 2007. New business ventures and the entrepreneur. Burr Ridge: IL: Irwin. Tan, L., 2015. Ethnic foodrevolution: New taste of NZ. [Online] Available at: id=11480918# [Accessed 23 04 2017]. taurangabusiness, 2017. The Ultimate Bottom Line. [Online] Available at: www.taurangabusiness [Accessed 23 04 2017]., 2016. Porter Diamond Model: a great competitive advantage analysis. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 18 03 2017]. Wong, C. Y. Hvolby, H. H., 2007. Coordinated responsiveness for volatile toy supply chains. Production, Planning and Control, 18(5), pp. 407-419.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Korean Pottery Essays - Visual Arts, Pottery, Korean Pottery, Matter

Korean Pottery From 10,000 to 6,000 years ago, the mankind started to make earthenware and use them. In Korea, they have used earthenware from 7~8,000years ago-the New Stone Age. As time went by, glazes were sometimes employed. The firing temperature varied between 500 and 1,100 degrees. Earthenware was used in Korea until the early Koryo dynasty (10-11th centuries). Earthenware and bronze developed in parallel through the prehistoric age, and then the periods known in Korea as Silla and Kaya (from 57 BC until the 10th century), and Koryo (10-14th centuries). The earthenware pottery of Silla and Kaya is particularly noted for its formal qualities. The earthenware was used for utilitarian vessels, which were sometimes modelled into the shape of people, houses, and animals. Among the various pieces surviving from this period, we can find vessels expressing vividly the characteristic spirit of the Korean people, a spirit that has remained alive through the centuries until the present day. The facial e xpressions are comically exaggerated, we find amusing caricatures, as well as bold sexual features suggesting use in fertility rites, a variety of concise artistic details indicating a rich imagination. Through such works the image of our ancestors of centuries past has been transmitted to us today. In 9th century Silla(Korea's earliestdynasty), they have had great opportunity to trade with China and accepted manufacturing technology of Celadon. In China, jade signifies the true gentleman, wealth and honor. Therefore jade was popular for use in objects enclosed in tombs. The ruling classes were eager to possess jade, but it was too little for their needs, and very expensive. Therefore artisans tried to create jade from clay, and the result was the pottery known in the West as Celadon. In Korea, Chinese celadon pottery has been found in tombs dating from the 4-6th centuries, suggesting that the royal family of the period imported celadon from China as a substitute for jade. In 9th century China, the practice of Zen Buddhism spread among the powerful families, who considered that drinking tea helped clear the mind while sitting in meditation. Celadon was used to make the tea cups, and this seems to be the first time that it was employed for vessels in ordinary use. The cup used for drinking tea was highly valued, some were worth more than gold. Zen Buddhism entered Korea toward the end of the Unified Silla Dynasty, in the 8th century. Monks returning from China brought Chinese tea-cups to Korea. When the Koryo Dynasty came, Koreans began to manufacture their own celadon vessels, beginning in the later 10th century. Research was undertaken in order to make even better celadon, using the best clays. Originally, celadon was dark in color, varying between brown and dark green, the works were plain, restrained, unadorned. In the early 12th century, decorated celadon wares began to appear. At that time, the Buddhist visions of Paradise were immensely popular and the pottery of later Koryo times expressed the people's longing for a symbolic world of Eternity, through such symbols as clouds and cranes, or the lotus flower so central to the world of Zen Buddhism, as well as willows, and ducks playing in water. In a similar spirit, wild chrysanthemums express calmness and solitude. When these symbols took form on the surface of delicate green jars and bowls, the result was some of the most beautiful pottery in the world. The disappeared from the end of Koryo dynasty. In the course of from celadon to white ware, there was the stoneware pottery known as PunChong.? Painting makes ?Punch'ong? in a white slip over a grayish-green glaze. It is unique to Korea. In the 14th century Buddhism, with its otherworldly focus on the life to come, gave way to the practical this-worldly teachings of Confucianism. The old celadon wares lost favor, since there was a strong desire for novelty in a new religious atmosphere. As society changed, pottery also changed and grew plainer, better adapted for use in practical life; at the same time, the patterns grew freer. Techniques of expression were simplified and pottery was produced in large quantities. The forms of pottery became more popular and the result was punch'ong ware. With its often humorous and entertaining images and its free, unrestrained forms, Punch'ong

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

The rise of Ngo Dinh Diem essays

The rise of Ngo Dinh Diem essays The story of the Vietnam conflict is one that will forever mark an important part of the world's history. The Vietnam conflict divided the world firmly into two camps, supporters of the south and supporters of the north. Ngo Dinh Diem was the president of South Vietnam for several years. During his reign the United States and other nation voiced strong opinions about his rise to power, and the actions he took once he was president. Diem spent his life preparing for that power, and the historical events just before he took over helped cement his ability to install himself as leader, to a nation, that would go down in history as one of the most stubborn and strong nations on earth. His rise to power cumulated in a United States sanctioned overthrow of then Emperor Bao Dai in 1955[1]. He then spent almost a decade at the helm of the nation while practicing oppressive and demanding politics. He cancelled democratic elections to insure that the competition would not be voted in. He was assassinated in 1963[2]. For one to understand how he became as powerful as he did and what allowed him to over through an in place regime one must understand the events that led to his rise in power. It is important to understand the life of Ngo Dinh Diem so that one can begin to understand what drove him to the power he Diem was born in a city called Hue which was the original capital of the Ngyuen Dynasty Vietnam. When he grew into a young man he became a civil servant in the Emperor government of Bao Dai[4]. He was a strong nationalist and was said to speak out as an anti communist throughout his initial adult life. Diem was not a stranger...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Benefits Of Having A Stakeholder In The pany †Free Samples

The report talks about the   stakeholder’s relationship management and its influence on management decision-making . It explains that how stakeholders help an organization to achieve long-term growth and success. The report talks about the importance and function of the stakeholders in the pany. The report presents an example of an Australian pany, Caltex. Through the example of Caltex, the features, responsibilities and the working of the stakeholders are explained in the report. The report explains that how the different types of stakeholders provide support for the betterment of the pany as well as society. It tells that how stakeholders important for the pany success and growth. It shows the relationship between stakeholders and the   management of the pany. The advantages and disadvantages of the relationship management have been explained in the report. The good and bad relationship with the management is also explained. Further, the report describes the multi- advocacy of the relationship management. The report tells about the responsibilities of the stakeholders towards the pany and it also explains the pany attitude towards the stakeholder. The report explains that there should be a good relationship between pany and stakeholders because Stakeholder is responsible for controlling and monitoring the financial activities of the pany. No firm can run the business without a stakeholder. A stakeholder solves the entire problems that are faced by the pany due to the finance. The pany decisions can be affected by the presence of stakeholders. It explains that how stakeholders help and guide to the pany for taking investment decisions. Further, Caltex pany of Australia has been taken as the example in the report. Caltex is a lubricant, fuels and Oil pany. It was founded in 1936 in Australia. The pany has a good reputation in this country. It is expanding its business activities and operations with effective stakeholder’s policies. The st akeholders of the pany are experienced and professionals and well qualified. The growth of the pany mainly depends on the strategies are made by the stakeholders of the firm (Bryson, Patton &Bowman, 2011). The stakeholders are responsible for maintaining and controlling the monetary transactions of the pany. A stakeholder of any pany deals withholding of the shares. They are also responsible for the growth and success of the firm. A stakeholder solves the problem that is faced by the firm due to finance. The stakeholder’s presence can affect the organization and it can also be affected by the pany’s decision (Hà ¶risch, Freeman and Schaltegger, 2014). They invest the money on the behalf of the firm. They serve as a guide to the organization and the market. The pany depends on stakeholders in order to gain long-term growth and success in the business. It is a moral duty of the pany to trust the stakeholder. Further, it is the responsibility of a stakeholder to be loyal, faithful towards the pany. The stakeholders must be aware of the confidentiality of the firm and they should not share the important information of the pany with other persons. A stakeholder is responsible for managing and monitoring the decisions of the pany that is related to the finance (Beringer, Jonas & Kock, 2013). They should take effective decision to gain the petitive advantages in near future. The stakeholder is accountable for forming and taking good and effective decisions of the association. It helps to maintain a positive relationship with the pany. The management should also share every information with its stakeholders. This will make easier for them to take efficient and effective decisions in the firm. A proper relationship among the employees of the organization and stakeholders will lead the pany towards success and growth in the market. It is the responsibility of stakeholders to fulfill the expectations and needs of the pany (Manetti & Toccafondi, 2012). They should analyze the external environment of the market to gain the long-term advantages in the firm. In this way, they can evaluate and analyze the changing market conditions and environment. For example Cal tex pany of Australia maintains the significant relationship with its stakeholders. The pany regularly provides relevant information to its stakeholders. It maintains trust, faith, and loyalty among its stakeholders. This will help to the firm to attain the long-term goals and objectives of the firm. It is the well-known and popular pany in the market (Pondeville, Swaen & De Rongà ©, 2013). The goodwill of the pany is excellent due to effective stakeholders’ policies. The Stakeholders of the pany are aware of the history and the future strategies that were followed and will be followed by the pany. This builds a strong relationship between them. Caltex has good relations with the investors. This allows other pany investors to understand the business, the management and other aspects of the pany. The Caltex maintains a good and effective relationship with their stakeholders. They fulfill entire expectations, needs, and requirements of the stakeholders. In this way, the firm p rovides various benefits to the pany (Ackermann and Eden, 2011). General External Environment factors affect the ability and potential of the business to perform the task outside of the pany. The pany needs to manipulate the external elements to gain the benefits in near future. The general external elements are set to know and analyze the market strategies so that the pany can set its own according to their marketing needs and requirements. The pany makes an effective plan with the help of stakeholders. The firm at every stage is supported by the stakeholders either internally or externally. They allow the pany to meet the requirements of the outside environments. They take care about the outside entities such as customers, clients, market etc (Edelenbos, van Buuren and van Schie, 2011). These stakeholders are responsible for taking a project from different clients and planning strategies to do work effectively and efficiently. They manage and evaluate the projects on behalf of the firm. Their aim is to achieve the goal and objectives that are set by the pany. There could be success and failure in the project. It depends upon the way through which stakeholders’ perform the functions. The stakeholders must have a proper and enough knowledge about the project in order to meet the long-term growth and success of the pany. It is important for the stakeholders to work on the assigned project firmly and professionally (Crilly & Sloan, 2012). The Primary stakeholders are end users of the firm who takes interest only in the success of the business. They only focus on the pany’s growth and success. They only take care about the results and ou e of the firm. They do not show any interest in knowing the functioning of the business. The primary aim of the primary stakeholder is to check the pany’s growth and business activities. Primary stakeholders include project managers, project sponsors, and team members (Beringer, Jonas & Kock, 2013). Secondary Stakeholders are responsible for pleting the project. They are not the end users of the firm. They are responsible for managing the project, searching sponsors for the project and contacting the investors. They also work for the growth and success of the association. They focus on the business activities and operation of the firm. The aim of the secondary stakeholders is same as the primary stakeholders.   Lack of munication and coordination is the major concern between the primary and secondary stakeholders. As a result, it reduces the pany’s reputation and goodwill in the market (Vasi & King, 2012). Internal stakeholders are responsible for developing the project. They function inside the pany’s environment. They have to check and analyze the criteria and strategies which would need to be followed by the pany. They search the project sponsors and investors to invest the money (Turner & Zolin, 2012). They check the performance of the work and make plans and strategies and solving the issues in a team. They have to ensure that project should be efficient and effective. They should the goals and objectives. External Stakeholders such as vendors and salespersons are responsible for making the product to reach the maximum number of people in the market. They are concerned and worried about the societal demands and works to fulfill these demands. They work for the welfare of the firm as well as society. They are responsible for market growth and success by reaching the number of customers. They supply the essential elements of the society and pany. The growth and progress of th e pany are dependent upon the supply of the product in the market. Direct stakeholders check and evaluate the day to day workings of the business. They are responsible for managing the project on a daily basis. They work on every new project on each day. The main objective of the direct stakeholders is to achieve the target that is set by the firm. They directly meet with the pany project criteria. On the other hand, Indirect Stakeholders are not responsible for managing the project. They are not affected by the working, customers or the end users. Results and ou es are a major concern for indirect stakeholders as like the primary stakeholders. They do not indulge in managing the things during the project but they are interested in knowing about the success of the business. They focus on the various kinds of projects. Specific External Environment allows the pany to trade outside. The organization conducts its business outside the firm for a specific purpose. These specific external forces are directly responsible for achieving the desired goal. It is the set only to achieve the specified target and goals. Every organization has a unique target and goals. They work on a single body. The targets of the panies differ according to the changing environmental conditions. The important entities of specific external environment include customers, clients, suppliers, petitors etc. The Customers or clients are those entities of the organization who purchase the products of the pany. They are individuals who use the services offered by the pany, but with the changing trends of the day to day life, the tastes and preferences of the customers are also changing. This will b e the reason of growth and success of the organization. Customers keep on the changing their lifestyle according to the environmental conditions which makes it difficult for the pany to remain stable at one point. They have to think about the various different ideas to bring to the society which will provoke them to keep buying their products. The pany has to meet the changing demands of the firm to maintain its growth and success of the firm (Yang et al, 2011). Suppliers are those entities of the pany who is responsible for maintaining a proper record for the amount of product that has been supplied and the amount of product which has been left in a stock. The more supply of the product will generate the more profit for the firm. The ultimate aim of any organization is to attain profits and revenue of the pany. These suppliers help them in achieving target and goals effectively and efficiently. They should have the power to convince people to buy their products in the market. The Supplier has to be aware of a number of products that have been supplied to the pany as per the demands of the market. The demand of the products increases the suppliers in the market. Thus, they play a vital role in success and growth of the firm (Nguyen & Mutum, 2012). Lenders are the individuals who lend money or fulfill the requirements and expectations of the pany. The lender of any pany is generally fixed by the firm. They help the pany to achieve its target and objectives by providing human resources to them (Lee, Olson and Trimi, 2012). Creditors are the people who take resources in terms of money by the pany. The firm gives them the credit to gain and achieve the name in the market. Debtors are the people who give money to the pany to flourish and expand its business in the society (Bridoux & Stoelhorst, 2014). Employees are the labor of the organization. The mon goal of every employee is to achieve the target set by the pany. Employees should be aware of the work being done in the pany and the strategy being followed by other members of the organization in order to meet the goals and objectives of the firm. A pany cannot run the business without efficient and effective employees (Hollensen, 2015). Shareholders are those individuals of the business who purchase and sell shares on the behalf of the pany (Mason and Simmons, 2014). A stakeholder is a group which shows interest in the working of the organization. They have direct and indirect interest in the business. The group may include the government, society, individual or any other pany and media. The influence of such entities in the business allows the stakeholders to operate the business effectively and efficiently. Relationship management makes plans and strategies to attract the more customers in the market. In this way, they help to increase the sale of the pany (Kumar & Reinartz, 2012). They check for the profitability and the performance of the pany as well as employees. The interaction with such stakeholders is important for the firm. They easily solve the related issues that are responsible for the success and growth of the business. The aim of stakeholder relationship management is to check the attitude, decisions, functions, and actions of the stakeholders for the benefit of themselves as well as the pany. This relationship management allows th e stakeholders to gain the benefits from the business. This helps to build and develop the trust among the firm and the stakeholders who put efforts to make the position of the pany on the top level. The relationship should be a strong and trustworthy (Lidskog, Sundqvist, Kall, Sandin & Larsson, 2013). The management should also share all the information with its stakeholders. This will b e easier for them to make efficient decisions. A proper relationship among the employees of the organization and stakeholders will lead the pany towards success and growth in the market. It is the responsibility of stakeholders to stand on the expectations and needs of the pany. They check and analyze the market conditions and environment (Bourne, 2016). It is very important to have an effective relationship with the stakeholders. It helps to resolve the difficult matters that are faced by the organization. Through the influence of stakeholders, the organization has a relief about the working on the financial matters. The performance of the organization is checked by the relationship management in order gain the progress and growth in the market (Rozanski and Woods, 2011). This results in good relations with the stakeholders as their main aim of a plishment is done by the stakeholders. They gain the attention and support of the business. They generally focus on the attitude or behavior of the stakeholders towards the pany, thus various important decisions are taken by the stakeholders. The stakeholders must inculcate the knowledge about the business or it will result in bad results. The pany can use the opinion of the stakeholders to work on the project (Mellahi, Frynas, Sun and Siegel, 2016). This is done to achieve the target and g oals as soon as possible. This will improve the quality of the project and the pany will also e to know about the stakeholders towards the business. It is important to take support from the powerful stakeholders. This will help the firm to gain more resources in the market. This will make the strong and effective relationship between the two entities; this will make the project more qualitative. municating with stakeholders time to time will ensure them about the project that pany is working on these projects properly or not.   They will suggest more good criteria for doing the project. This will also ensure the motivation of stakeholders towards the firm. The pany can know about the reaction of public towards the project. This will allow them to make effective strategies and plans for the success of the firm (Alt, Dà ­ez-de-Castro & Llorà ©ns-Montes, 2015). In a pany, a stakeholder is usually an investor. The actions of the stakeholders towards the pany depend upon the type of decisions are made by them. It is not necessary for them to hold equity shares in the business. They can also behave like the other employees working for the firm. They only focus on the success and growth of the pany. They can work for the overall firm. Their interference in every management is accepted as it is beneficial. They can run the pany as partners also. A stakeholder plays different roles in the firm. The role of stakeholder is very crucial as her decisions are effective and transform the growth of the pany (Eden & Ackermann, 2013). The importance of stakeholder relationship in an organization results in good ou es and results. This develops an interest in stakeholders to work for the firm to achieve the target. The relationship management of stakeholders also helps in making managerial decisions and a strong relationship with the managers also. It give s the managers a chance to show their ability to work and handling the responsibility of the firm. This improves the relationship of the managers towards the stakeholders and maintains the relationship for a long term. The Stakeholder relationship plays a vital role in every pany. Relationship management of a stakeholder has various significance (Smith, 2013). It is important for making decisions, it works as a managing director, it serves as an investor which is very important for the firm (Beringer, Jonas & Kock, 2013). The most important task for the stakeholders is making decisions that should be in favor of the pany. The stakeholders have the power to make or implement new ideas while working on any project. But it is also important to listen to the opinion of other members of the firm and then to make decisions keeping in mind all the suggestions. The decision made by the stakeholders should be efficient as the future of the pany. They strategies planned by them results in good ou es (Gonzà ¡lez-Benito, Lannelongue & Queiruga, 2011). Direct stakeholders have to check the day to day workings of the business. They are responsible for managing the project on a daily basis. They work on every new project each day. Their target for doing the amount of work is set which they have to achieve. They directly meet with the pany project criteria. The approach used by the board of directors and stakeholders differ in many cases. The Stakeholders can work for the human resource department to gain the long-term goals and objectives. They can directly participate in any project and can share their opinion and ideas (Fernandez-Feijoo, Romero & Ruiz, 2014). The Stakeholders are described as the inventors of the pany. They maximize or minimize the stakes in the pany according to the finance needed. They act as a supreme power for the organization. They observe the financial report to check the progress of the firm. Since they are responsible for the growth of the pany, it is their duty to invest in the business to fulfill the demands of the customers (Murillo-Luna, Garcà ©s-Ayerbe & Rivera-Torres, 2011). The stakeholders of large panies are highly respected. They have the power to shut down panies who do work according to the societal needs and also who violets the law. They check the overall functioning of the pany and take effective actions for wrong decision-making activities. They are concerned about the pany’s long-term goals. The corporate and municate with the pany and implement laws required for running the business effectively and efficiently (Lovejoy, Waters & Saxton, 2012). The Stakeholders are professionals who can easily identify the risks that prevail in the society. They are ware about the opportunities that pany can get in the near future. They research about the opportunity before taking it. They have a proper planning for every project. It helps to reduce the risk and threats of the firm. Before getting into any opportunity stakeholders first identify and analyze it thoroughly and then allow the pany to operate on the opportunity (Boxall & Purcell, 2011). Stakeholders’ duty is to give the effective suggestions on the project. They find solutions for organizations priorities and activities. The inputs given by the stakeholders increase the performance of the business. They give a relevant solution which is also accepted by the pany. They give importance to the business work because their main aim is to take long-term benefits and to meet the goals and objectives (Innes & Booher, 2012). Stakeholders serve as a guide to the pany. Due to their effective decision-making power, they are able to flourish and expand in the market. They are able to make good relationship with customers which results in positive feedbacks. The feedback of the customers motivates the pany for achieving sustainable future. For example, Caltex pany of Australia has trusted stakeholders. They are professionals who identify the risks and gives solutions to avoid those risks. The pany has employees who bring the feedback of the customers to make development in future (Neubaum, Dibrell & Craig, 2012). For example: In a pany like Caltex, it is important to collaborate with other panies for expansion. This is the difficult task. They have to search about the profits earned by each pany but it is a very difficult task (Vargo, 2011). There has been a fast evolution in the stakeholder relationship through the multi-advocacy. However, the development of multi-stakeholder advocacy is still at a lower level including the investors and the analyst who is responsible for functioning the business. The advocacy states that various organizations tie up, make effective decisions, change policy and work towards achieving the goal and objectives together. The multi advocacy of stakeholder survey and take interviews of the selected organizations before ing together. The goal of the multi advocacy stakeholders is to work jointly with all the other panies effectively (Ellis & Sheridan, 2014). There are unique methods of developing the relationship between the stakeholders and the panies are such as: Assessing Mature and Emergent Advocacy Fields, Machine Learning, and Dashboard Tracking. The advocacies between the different panies have resulted in the strategic decision-making, priding meaningful information and have generated e vidence towards the loyalty of these multi-stakeholders’ relationships towards the business. The Multi-stakeholder advocacy is aimed at sharing the goals with the well-coordinated team. The advocacy efforts of the stakeholders of different panies are focused on a particular goal and objective. They have the same target. The decisions made to achieve the goals show the thinking of the stakeholders. Stakeholders show interest in achieving the mon organizational goals. They facilitate the policy framework of the firm. Their decisions are important for the firm which results in changes in the environment. Stakeholders manage these changes for sustainable development in future. The aim of stakeholder relationship management is to check the attitude, decisions, and actions of the stakeholders for the benefit of themselves as well as the pany. The advocacies of stakeholder relationship management have proven the growth for the pany in the ing future. These advocacies have resulted i n the development of the economy. The stakeholders’ decisions have the power to change pany’s environment (Gosselin et al, 2014). The report the stakeholder’s relationship management and its influence on management decision-making. It describes the functions, roles, and significance of stakeholders in order to meet the goals and objectives. It also describes relationship management, its importance, its advantages, and disadvantages. It explains that the stakeholder is the one very important entity of the business. They are interested in serving the pany its required resources. A stakeholder solves the problem that pany faces due to financing. His presence can affect the pany and also can be affected by the pany’s decision. He tells the pany where to invest. He serves as a guide to the organization and the market. The pany depends on stakeholders for the growth of the business (Bingham, Dyer, Smith and Adams, 2011). It is a moral duty of the pany to trust the stakeholder and responsibility of a stakeholder to be loyal towards the pany. The report suggests the relationship with various other entitie s that stakeholder holds. The influence of such entities in the business allows the stakeholders to operate into business. Relationship management is something which plans strategies in a way that it binds the customer to keep buying the product. They check for the profitability and the performance of a long time. The interaction with such stakeholders is important. They easily solve the related issues that are responsible for affecting the growth of business (Keller and Price, 2011). The aim of stakeholder relationship management is to check the attitude, decisions, and actions of the stakeholders for the benefit of themselves as well as the pany. This relationship management allows the stakeholders to gain the benefits from the business. The report shows all the main important aspects of for working in the organization as a stakeholder. Further, the pany should make effective policies for the stakeholders and the firm should motivate them to do work more effectively and efficientl y. Ackermann, F. and Eden, C., 2011. Strategic management of stakeholders: Theory and practice.  Long range planning,  44(3), pp.179-196. Alt, E., Dà ­ez-de-Castro, E.P. and Llorà ©ns-Montes, F.J., 2015. Linking employee stakeholders to environmental performance: the role of proactive environmental strategies and shared vision.  Journal of Business Ethics,  128(1), pp.167-181. Beringer, C., Jonas, D. and Kock, A., 2013. Behavior of internal stakeholders in project portfolio management and its impact on success.  International Journal of Project Management,  31(6), pp.830-846. Beringer, C., Jonas, D. and Kock, A., 2013. Behavior of internal stakeholders in project portfolio management and its impact on success.  International Journal of Project Management,  31(6), pp.830-846. Beringer, C., Jonas, D. and Kock, A., 2013. Behavior of internal stakeholders in project portfolio management and its impact on success.  International Journal of Project Management,  31(6), pp.830-846. Bingham, J.B., Dyer, W.G., Smith, I. and Adams, G.L., 2011. A stakeholder identity orientation approach to corporate social performance in family firms.  Journal of business ethics,  99(4), pp.565-585. Bourne, L., 2016.  Stakeholder relationship management: a maturity model for organisational implementation. CRC Press. Boxall, P. and Purcell, J., 2011.  Strategy and human resource management. Palgrave Macmillan. Bridoux, F. and Stoelhorst, J.W., 2014. Microfoundations for stakeholder theory: Managing stakeholders with heterogeneous motives.  Strategic Management Journal,  35(1), pp.107-125. Bryson, J.M., Patton, M.Q. and Bowman, R.A., 2011. Working with evaluation stakeholders: A rationale, step-wise approach and toolkit.  Evaluation and program planning,  34(1), pp.1-12. Chan, M.C., Watson, J. and Woodliff, D., 2014. Corporate governance quality and CSR disclosures.  Journal of Business Ethics,  125(1), pp.59-73. Crilly, D. and Sloan, P., 2012. Enterprise logic: explaining corporate attention to stakeholders from the ‘inside?out’.  Strategic Management Journal,  33(10), pp.1174-1193. David, P., O'Brien, J.P., Yoshikawa, T. and Delios, A., 2010. Do shareholders or stakeholders appropriate the rents from corporate diversification? The influence of ownership structure.  Academy of Management Journal,  53(3), pp.636-654. Edelenbos, J., van Buuren, A. and van Schie, N., 2011. Co-producing knowledge: joint knowledge production between experts, bureaucrats and stakeholders in Dutch water management projects.  Environmental Science & Policy,  14(6), pp.675-684. Eden, C. and Ackermann, F., 2013.  Making strategy: The journey of strategic management. Sage. Ellis, S. and Sheridan, L., 2014. A critical reflection on the role of stakeholders in sustainable tourism development in least-developed countries.  Tourism Planning & Development,  11(4), pp.467-471. Fernandez-Feijoo, B., Romero, S. and Ruiz, S., 2014. Effect of stakeholders’ pressure on transparency of sustainability reports within the GRI framework.  Journal of Business Ethics,  122(1), pp.53-63. Gonzà ¡lez-Benito, J., Lannelongue, G. and Queiruga, D., 2011. Stakeholders and environmental management systems: a synergistic influence on environmental imbalance.  Journal of Cleaner Production,  19(14), pp.1622-1630. Gosselin, D., Link, V.M., Romanoski, C.E., Fonseca, G.J., Eichenfield, D.Z., Spann, N.J., Stender, J.D., Chun, H.B., Garner, H., Geissmann, F. and Glass, C.K., 2014. Environment drives selection and function of enhancers controlling tissue-specific macrophage identities.  Cell,  159(6), pp.1327-1340. Hollensen, S., 2015.  Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education. Hà ¶risch, J., Freeman, R.E. and Schaltegger, S., 2014. Applying stakeholder theory in sustainability management: Links, similarities, dissimilarities, and a conceptual framework.  Organization & Environment,  27(4), pp.328-346. Innes, J.E. and Booher, D.E., 2012. Health Impact Assessment as a Tool for Engaging Stakeholders and Addressing Health Trends in Land Use and munity Planning June 29, 2012 Ruth Lindberg, National Center for Healthy Housing and Sarah Wylie, Healthy Housing Solutions. Keller, S. and Price, C., 2011.  Beyond performance: How great organizations build ultimate petitive advantage. John Wiley & Sons. Kumar, V. and Reinartz, W., 2012.  Customer relationship management: Concept, strategy, and tools. Springer Science & Business Media. Lee, S.M., Olson, D.L. and Trimi, S., 2012. Co-innovation: convergenomics, collaboration, and co-creation for organizational values.  Management Decision,  50(5), pp.817-831. Lidskog, R., Sundqvist, G., Kall, A.S., Sandin, P. and Larsson, S., 2013. Intensive forestry in Sweden: stakeholders' evaluation of benefits and risk.  Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences,  10(3-4), pp.145-160. Lovejoy, K., Waters, R.D. and Saxton, G.D., 2012. Engaging stakeholders through Twitter: How nonprofit organizations are getting more out of 140 characters or less.  Public Relations Review,  38(2), pp.313-318. Manetti, G. and Toccafondi, S., 2012. The role of stakeholders in sustainability reporting assurance.  Journal of Business Ethics,  107(3), pp.363-377. Mason, C. and Simmons, J., 2014. Embedding corporate social responsibility in corporate governance: A stakeholder systems approach.  Journal of Business Ethics,  119(1), pp.77-86. Mellahi, K., Frynas, J.G., Sun, P. and Siegel, D., 2016. A review of the nonmarket strategy literature: toward a multi-theoretical integration.  Journal of Management,  42(1), pp.143-173. Murillo-Luna, J.L., Garcà ©s-Ayerbe, C. and Rivera-Torres, P., 2011. Barriers to the adoption of proactive environmental strategies.  Journal of Cleaner Production,  19(13), pp.1417-1425. Neubaum, D.O., Dibrell, C. and Craig, J.B., 2012. Balancing natural environmental concerns of internal and external stakeholders in family and non-family businesses.  Journal of Family Business Strategy,  3(1), pp.28-37. Nguyen, B. and Mutum, D.S., 2012. A review of customer relationship management: successes, advances, pitfalls and futures.  Business Process Management Journal,  18(3), pp.400-419. Pondeville, S., Swaen, V. and De Rongà ©, Y., 2013. Environmental management control systems: The role of contextual and strategic factors.  Management accounting research,  24(4), pp.317-332. Rozanski, N. and Woods, E., 2011.  Software systems architecture: working with stakeholders using viewpoints and perspectives. Addison-Wesley. Smith, M.H., 2013.  The natural advantage of nations: business opportunities, innovation and governance in the 21st century. Earthscan. Turner, R. and Zolin, R., 2012. Forecasting success on large projects: developing reliable scales to predict multiple perspectives by multiple stakeholders over multiple time frames.  Project Management Journal,  43(5), pp.87-99. Vargo, S.L., 2011. Market systems, stakeholders and value propositions: Toward a service-dominant logic-based theory of the market.  European Journal of Marketing,  45(1/2), pp.217-222. Vasi, I.B. and King, B.G., 2012. Social movements, risk perceptions, and economic ou es: The effect of primary and secondary stakeholder activism on firms’ perceived environmental risk and financial performance.  American Sociological Review,  77(4), pp.573-596. Yang, J., Shen, G.Q., Ho, M., Drew, D.S. and Xue, X., 2011. Stakeholder management in construction: An empirical study to address research gaps in previous studies.  International Journal of Project Management,  29(7), pp.900-910.